Research and teaching associate at the Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria.
Interests : EconomyInequalitySocial EuropeCountries : Austria
Severin’s research is about the measurement of wealth inequality and intergenerational transfers. He is interested in improving the available evidence on the distribution of wealth and bequests. This includes unearthing new data and creating tools to make data from different sources and countries comparable.
Research and Teaching Associate at the Ecological Economics Institute (Vienna University of Economics and Business)
Interests : ClimateEconomyCountries : Austria
Halliki Kreinin is a Research and Teaching Associate at the Ecological Economics Institute (Vienna University of Economics and Business) where she is also working on her PhD on Social-Ecological Transformation, Sustainable Work and Environmental Labour Studies.
She is a trade unionist and environmental activist, and was one of the coordinators of the Vienna Degrowth Conference, which took place online at the end of May this year (https://www.degrowthvienna2020.org/). Halliki is interested in how and on what basis trade unions and environmental organisations can work together, and what the barriers to closer cooperation for social-ecological transformation are (i.e.: different conceptions of the goal and the "good life for all" - consumption-based vs other emancipatory formulations of wellbeing; the role of work in society and emancipation "from"/ or "of" work; different conceptions of the multiple crises; and different formulations of the answer(s) to the crises).
This policy study focuses on trade union approaches to the multiple crises in a sector critical for the sustainability transformation: aviation. Based on empirical research, the authors find that unions, under pressure to face contradictory and complex problems, take divergent positions on societal-environmental issues and their solutions - verging from social-ecological transformation-focused to defensive stances, also in their collaboration with social movements for change.
Political Mentor: EP Vice President and S&D MEP Evelyn Regner Academic Mentor: David Bailey, Senior Lecturer, Department of Political Science and International Studies, School of Government, University of Birmingham
Christian is a PhD student in economics at Kingston University London. He completed his BSc in economics at the Vienna University for Business and Economics and his MA in Political Economy at Kingston University London. He is interested in heterodox (neo-Kaleckian) macroeconomics and Marxist Political Economy. His research is both empirical and theoretical, although with an emphasis on the theoretical argument. Empirically, he specialises in simple time-series econometrics. Christian teaches economics and statistics at SOAS University and Goldsmiths University, respectively. In his previous FEPS YAN cycle he worked on the European Pillar of Social Rights. Christian is a member of the Labour Party, several trade unions, and some more grass roots organisations.
The European Investment Bank (EIB) is the EU’s multilateral development bank. In this FEPS YAN policy study, the authors suggest four reforms that would help progressive policymakers to utilize unlock the EIB’s potential to play a greater role in the EU economy and its transition to a more resilient, climate-neutral, and progressive economy.
First, the authors suggest the EIB adopts more comprehensive lending targets based on social and environmental criteria. Second, they highlight the need for a stronger focus on equity-like instruments rather than debt instruments, especially in the ongoing response to the Covid-19 crisis. Third, they propose to strengthen the EIB’s accountability towards the European Parliament to ensure a legitimate political direction and democratic control of its activities. Fourth, they propose to convert the EIB’s retained profits into paid-in capital, unlocking up to €110 billion of additional lending capacity. To simultaneously accomplish increased democratic accountability, the authors suggest converting the EIB’s retained profits into EU capital and thus making the EU an EIB shareholder.
Political Mentor: EP Vice President and S&D MEP Pedro Silva Pereira Academic Mentor: Carlo d' Ippoliti, Associate professor of political economy at the Department of Statistical Sciences of Sapienza University of Rome.
Hendrik Theine is a post-doctoral researcher at the Institute for Heterodox Economics at the Vienna University of Economics and Business with extensive interest in progressive economic approaches. His current research involves critical political economy analyses in the areas of media, platform capitalism and climate change. Based on a pluralist perspective, he uses both qualitative and quantitative methods, for instance, discourse analysis, text mining and network analysis.
The European Green Deal (EGD) aims to make Europe climate neutral by 2050 while ensuring a just transition for all. However, the EGD’s high level of ambition and broad scope is not adequately reflected in member states’ commitments, and interest groups attempt to shape the EGD according to their preferences.
Given these circumstances, how can the promise of a green and just European Green Deal be realised? To shed light on this research question, the authors of this FEPS YAN Policy Study build on insights from political economy on the influence of interest groups in policymaking. Analytically, the authors propose a framework that integrates distinct sources of power (structural vis-à-vis instrumental) and a range of political strategies (quiet vis-à-vis noisy politics).
Empirically, they study two cases central to the EGD: the ‘EU Biodiversity Diversity Strategy for 2030’ to protect nature and ecosystems; and the ‘Hydrogen Strategy’ to power a climate-neutral economy. Based on lobbying activities with members of the European Commission and the European Parliament, the authors identify key stakeholders, their framing, and strategies. The findings have important implications for understanding the interplay of relevant actors and EU institutions and their influence on European policy.